Duration, thus restored to its original purity, will appear as a wholly qualitative multiplicity, an absolute heterogeneity… (3)
Philosophy made a great step forward on the day when Berkeley proved, as against the “mechanical philosophers,” that the secondary qualities of matter have at least as much reality as the primary qualities. (5)
Visual writing enters into this discussion not merely because it is based on letters and language symbols, not only because it consists of asemics and sets of signs but because the study of language has undergone the same type of transformation in its thinking as psychology, science, philosophy—and all the other fields of knowledge. The subject of language, linguistics has become a journey in search of basic, innate qualities and metaphysical substances rather than simply subjects and pronouns. Language also is a source for revealing the secrets of existence and the state of reason itself. But language does, perhaps, have something of a special relationship to at least Sartre’s idea of consciousness. As anthropologist Claude Levi-Strauss writes,
For “culture” I think one could substitute several other words including “history,” “consciousness,” “humanity,” and “existence.” Telescopes and space stations alone have altered our viewpoint. With galaxies upon galaxies spinning across an unthinkable divide between us and them, the unrepeatable, apparently unrepeated history of Mankind becomes a much less impressive, much more flawed pageant, perhaps even tawdry and junky, but, to the same degree, a much more rare and incredible phenomenon. It is as though only one household in the world had saved in its attic souvenirs of the momentous events that have taken place on our planet.